Fidel & Malcolm X: Memories of a Meeting - Rosemari Mealy

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More than five decades have lapsed since September 1960, when African American Muslim leader Malcolm X welcomed Cuban President Fidel Castro to a midnight meeting at Harlem’s Black-owned Hotel Theresa. Castro and his delegation had come to New York to attend the UN General Assembly, but the management of the Manhattan hotel they had booked refused to house them. Upon learning of their plight, Malcolm invited the Cuban emissaries to “come uptown” to Harlem, where he claimed they would be greeted “with open arms.”

Indeed, Harlemites by the thousands gave Castro a rousing, even magnificent welcome, keeping a round-the-clock vigil—in the pouring rain—outside his balcony window. To Harlem’s masses, unfazed by the red baiting and anti-Cuba hysteria of the day, Castro was that “bearded revolutionary” who had “told White America to go to hell.” They crowded the streets to see and cheer the Cuban delegation and its then thirty-four-year-old revolutionary leader.

Sadly, however, little is said, even today, about the far-reaching conversations that took place between Malcolm and Fidel that September evening. Only three newsmen were allowed to join them: two representatives and a photographer from “the Negro press.” They noted that the two leaders exchanged pleasantries, then spoke candidly, through their interpreters, about self-determination and national liberation. Though language differences proved a formidable barrier, author Rosemari Mealy maintains that “the respect that both men expressed towards each other…solidified the ties of friendship between the Cuban revolution and the relentless struggles of the African American people.”

In this slim yet significant volume, first published in 1993, Rosemari Mealy, along with contributors ElombeBrath, LeRoi Jones (Amiri Baraka), Sarah E. Wright, and Bill Epton, compile the recollections of a number of persons who played important roles in this historic summit. They add to these their own perspectives—as historians, poets, journalists, and political activists— on the two leaders and the revolutionary movements they spawned. The combined reflections, coupled with Malcolm’s and Fidel’s own writings about the encounter and rare photographs of the two men together, yield an authentic accounting of a remarkable meeting of the minds.  1993*. 86 pgs. Paperback.


Also available on Kindle e-book for $6.99.


*Original publication date


  • 5
    Professor Rosemari Mealy records a historic event!

    Posted by Leni Villagomez Reeves on 24th Apr 2023

    This is a great attempt to pull together material of all kinds and from many sources to record a historic event and place it in context. The book explores the significance of this meeting and the implications, with Cuba's importance in the struggles for liberation of all peoples, including oppressed people in the US. Highly recommended.

  • 5
    An important historical documentation between two incredible leaders: Malcolm X and Fidel Castro.

    Posted by Unknown on 8th Dec 2021

    A truly memorable moment when tens of thousands of Harlemites and many from other neighborhoods journeyed up to see Cuban leader Fidel Castro and the delegation shunned by the US elites , but welcomed in Harlem. all of which is described powerfully in Rosemari Mealy’s book, “Fidel and Malcolm X- Memories of a Meeting”

  • 4
    Hidden history

    Posted by Unknown on 17th Sep 2020

    Didn’t know about about this meeting...apparently, it galvanized Harlem citizens to mobilize and unify...and that vibe was felt by those who later went on to influence SNCC, The Panthers, the Black Power movement, and the Black Arts Movement of the 1960’s...